Bhogi Festival

Bhogi Festival: A festival of transformation and renewal.

Celebrate Bhogi, the precursor to Pongal, marking new beginnings with traditional bonfires, rangolis, and homage to Lord Indra. Bhogi is the first day of the four-day Makarsankranti festival, , which is 13 January by the Gregorian calendar, celebrated predominantly in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Maharashtra. Known in Tamil as “போகி,” in Telugu as “భోగి,” and in Marathi as “भोगी,” this festival marks the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of the sun’s northward shift, known as Uttarayan. Bhogi is celebrated in honor of Lord Indra, the god of clouds and rain, and is a day dedicated to the discarding of old and derelict things and the focus on new beginnings, symbolizing change and transformation. Traditionally, people light bonfires with logs of wood, old wooden furniture, and other combustible materials, signifying the destruction of evil and the ushering in of prosperity and good health. The day also involves special rituals, including drawing of intricate kolams or rangolis outside homes, and preparing festive foods. Bhogi paves the way for Pongal, the main day of the festival, which celebrates the harvest.

Key Traditions of Bhogi

Bonfire Lighting

On Bhogi, people light bonfires with old items, signifying the destruction of old habits and the rebirth of new ones. This tradition is a symbolic act of letting go of the past and embracing the future with renewed energy and enthusiasm.

Rangoli Drawing

Creating colorful rangolis outside homes is a significant tradition of Bhogi. These artistic designs, made with rice flour and flower petals, are believed to bring good luck and welcome prosperity into the household.

Discarding Old Items

Families clean their homes and discard old, unused items in the bonfire. This act represents the elimination of negativity and the welcoming of positive vibes into one’s life.

Special Puja

A special puja or worship is conducted in honor of Lord Indra, the god of rains, to thank him for the bounties of land and to seek blessings for a good harvest season.

Cooking Traditional Foods

Preparing and sharing traditional dishes such as sweet pongal, vada, and other regional delicacies is a key part of Bhogi celebrations, fostering a sense of community and family bonding.

Decorating Cattle

In rural areas, cattle are bathed and adorned with colorful beads, bells, and flowers. They are worshipped as they play a vital role in agriculture, symbolizing prosperity and wealth.

Family Gatherings

Families come together to celebrate Bhogi, reflecting on the past year and making plans for the new year. It’s a time for reunion, sharing stories, and enjoying the festive spirit.

Flying Kites

In some regions, flying kites is a popular Bhogi tradition, symbolizing reaching new heights and the freedom to pursue dreams. The sky gets filled with colorful kites, adding to the festive mood.

Wearing New Clothes

Wearing new clothes during Bhogi is a symbol of starting anew, shedding the old layers of the past year, and embracing the new with open arms and a fresh perspective.

Sharing with the Less Fortunate

Giving away clothes, food, and other essentials to the needy is a tradition on Bhogi, emphasizing the importance of generosity, compassion, and community welfare.

Best Cakes, Cookies, and Sweets for Bhogi

Sweet Pongal

A traditional dish made of rice, moong dal, jaggery, and cardamom, garnished with cashews and raisins. It’s a staple sweet during Bhogi, symbolizing sweetness and happiness in life.

Puran Poli

A sweet flatbread filled with a mixture of jaggery and lentils, flavored with cardamom and nutmeg. It’s a popular delicacy in Maharashtra and South India during the festival.

Sesame Laddoo

Made from roasted sesame seeds and jaggery, these laddoos are a winter specialty that provides warmth and energy, perfectly aligning with Bhogi’s celebratory mood.


A traditional Andhra sweet made from rice flour, jaggery, and ghee. These are deep-fried to golden perfection and are a festive favorite during Bhogi.


A crispy, deep-fried pastry filled with a sweet mixture of grated coconut, sugar, and cardamom. It’s a delightful treat enjoyed during the Bhogi festival.


A savory, crunchy snack made from rice flour and urad dal flour, seasoned with sesame seeds, cumin, and carom seeds, often enjoyed during Bhogi celebrations.

Boondi Laddoo

Small, sweet balls made from tiny fried droplets of chickpea flour batter, soaked in sugar syrup and shaped into laddoos, are a festive treat during Bhogi.


A deep-fried, flaky pastry soaked in sugar syrup, similar to a doughnut but lighter and layered, often prepared for Bhogi festivities.

Gulab Jamun

Though not specific to Bhogi, these deep-fried khoya balls soaked in rose-scented syrup are a beloved sweet across all Indian festivals.


A vibrant, orange-colored sweet made from urad dal batter, deep-fried and soaked in sugar syrup, is another festive favorite that adds color and sweetness to Bhogi celebrations.

Featured image: wikimedia

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