Saint David’s Day

How Wales Celebrates Its National Day: Saint David’s Day Insights

Saint David’s Day, known in Welsh as Dydd Gŵyl Dewi Sant, is celebrated on the 1st of March each year in honor of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales. This day marks the anniversary of Saint David’s death in 589 AD. The festival is deeply rooted in Welsh culture, with various traditions observed across Wales and by Welsh communities worldwide. Celebrations typically include parades, choral performances, and the wearing of daffodils or leeks, two symbols associated with Wales. Schools and communities also hold special assemblies or events to commemorate Welsh heritage. In addition to traditional festivities, it is common for Welsh people to wear national dress and for public buildings to fly the Welsh flag. Saint David’s Day is not a public holiday in Wales, but there has been ongoing debate and campaigns for it to be recognized as such. Despite this, it remains a significant day for Welsh identity and culture, embodying the pride of the Welsh people in their patron saint and heritage.

Key Traditions of Saint David’s Day

Wearing National Symbols

Many Welsh people celebrate Saint David’s Day by wearing the national symbols of Wales – the daffodil or the leek. The leek’s association with Saint David’s Day has historical significance, symbolizing the identification of Welsh soldiers in past battles.

Saint David’s Day Parades

Annual parades are a significant tradition, with the largest in Cardiff. These parades are a vibrant display of Welsh culture, heritage, and costumes, attracting participants of all ages.

School Eisteddfodau

Schools across Wales hold eisteddfodau, which are festivals of music, poetry, and performance, allowing children to engage in recitation and singing. This tradition fosters a deep connection with Welsh culture from a young age.

Welsh Costume for Children

On Saint David’s Day, young girls often wear traditional Welsh costumes to school. This costume typically includes a woollen skirt, apron, white blouse, woollen shawl, and a Welsh hat, celebrating Welsh heritage.

Dyeing Water Red

In Swansea, the tradition of dyeing the water in Castle Square fountain red for Saint David’s Day adds a unique and visual celebration of Welsh identity.

Welsh Regiments Celebrations

Welsh regiments in the British Army incorporate aspects of Saint David and his cross into their celebrations, including using songs dedicated to Saint David, showcasing military and cultural pride.

Flying the Flag of Saint David

The flag of Saint David, featuring a yellow cross on a black background, is prominently displayed and flown across Wales, symbolizing national pride and celebration of Welsh identity.

Traditional Welsh Food

Eating traditional Welsh dishes such as cawl (a type of soup), bara brith (tea loaf), Welsh Cakes, Welsh lamb, and Welsh rarebit is a key part of the celebrations, highlighting Wales’ culinary heritage.

Best Cakes, Cookies, and Sweets for Saint David’s Day

Welsh Cakes

Traditional Welsh Cakes, lightly spiced and dusted with sugar, are a staple sweet treat enjoyed on Saint David’s Day, often made with dried fruit and cooked on a bakestone.

Best Food for Saint David’s Day


Cawl, a hearty Welsh soup made with lamb and a variety of vegetables, is a traditional dish consumed on Saint David’s Day, reflecting Wales’ culinary traditions.

Bara Brith

Bara Brith, a Welsh tea loaf made with dried fruits and spices, is commonly enjoyed on Saint David’s Day, served sliced and buttered.

Welsh Rarebit

Welsh Rarebit, a savory dish of melted cheese sauce over toasted bread, is a popular choice for celebrating Saint David’s Day, showcasing the simplicity and richness of Welsh cuisine.

Welsh Lamb

Welsh Lamb is a prized dish for Saint David’s Day, often roasted or stewed, and celebrated for its quality and flavor, embodying the agricultural heritage of Wales.

Other Relevant Tips for Observance

Visit Wales for Authentic Celebrations

Traveling to Wales for Saint David’s Day offers the most authentic experience of the festival, with the opportunity to participate in parades, enjoy traditional Welsh food, and immerse in the culture.

Participate in Local Welsh Society Events

For those outside Wales, participating in events organized by local Welsh societies can provide a sense of community and connection to Welsh heritage on Saint David’s Day.

Learn Welsh Phrases

Learning a few Welsh phrases and greetings for Saint David’s Day can enhance the celebratory experience and show respect for Welsh culture and language.

Explore Welsh Music and Literature

Delving into Welsh music and literature around Saint David’s Day can offer deeper insights into Wales’ rich cultural heritage and history, providing a broader context for the celebration.

Featured image: Wikimedia

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